What is Tennis Elbow?

Tennis Elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is an injury characterized by pain on the outer elbow and forearm. The pain is caused by damage to the tendons from overuse and repeated motions which is common while playing tennis. However, this condition is not limited to those who play tennis.

What causes Tennis Elbow?

Tennis elbow, as the name implies, is often caused by twisting the forearm repeatedly while hitting the tennis ball with a tennis racket. The forearm muscles, which attach to the outside of the elbow, may become sore from excessive strain. When making a backhand stroke in tennis, the tendons that roll over the end of the elbow can become damaged. Tennis elbow may also be caused by:

  • Improper backhand stroke
  • Hitting the tennis ball off-center of the racket or hitting heavy, wet tennis balls
  • Weak shoulder and wrist muscles
  • Painting with a brush or roller
  • Operating a chain saw for a long time
  • Frequent hand tool usage

What is Golfer’s Elbow?

Golfer’s Elbow (medial epicondylitis) is a common sport injury that is characterized by pain on the inner elbow. Just like Tennis Elbow, Golfer’s Elbow is not limited to those who play golf, as it can happen to anyone who uses their arm repeatedly in the same motion. Pain usually radiates down to the forearm and wrist.

What causes Golfer’s Elbow?

Golfer’s elbow is caused by repeated flexing of the medial tendon in the forearm. Forceful and repeated movements of the wrist and fingers can be major contributors to the pain that is produced by Golfer’s elbow. This condition can occur faster when the repeated motion is performed against resistance such as holding and swinging a golf club. Golfer’s Elbow may also be caused by a throwing items such as a baseball or small objects. People work with their hands a lot, such as construction workers and those at a desk job on a computer are also prone to develop Golfer’s Elbow.